What is Valium?
Diazepam (Valium) belongs to the class of medications called benzodiazepines. It is used for the short-term relief of symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety or alcohol withdrawal (such as agitation). It is also used for the reduction of muscle spasms. It works by slowing down the nerves in the brain (i.e., central nervous system).
How is valium taken?
The recommended dose of diazepam for adults ranges from 2 mg to 10 mg, taken 2 to 4 times daily. For children older than 6 months, the initial dose usually ranges from 1 mg to 2.5 mg, taken 3 or 4 times daily. It is important that the dose be individualized to your specific needs to avoid excessive sedation or motor impairment.
Diazepam is normally used for a short period of time or as required. It may be habit-forming when taken for long periods of time. If you have been using this medication regularly for a long period of time (i.e., more than 1 month), do not stop using the medication without speaking with your doctor. To avoid withdrawal effects, a gradual reduction in dose is usually recommended when stopping this medication.
what are the Possible side effects of valium?
The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking this medication. Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time. Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.
- blurred vision
- clumsiness or unsteadiness
- dizziness or lightheadedness
- muscle weakness
- slurred speech
Although most of these side effects listed below dont happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not check with your doctor or seek medical attention.
Do not take diazepam if you:
- are allergic to diazepam or any ingredients of the medication
- are allergic to any other benzodiazepines
- have acute narrow-angle glaucoma
- have liver disease
- also have myasthenia gravis
- have severe breathing problems
- or have sleep apnea